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Camps on the Death Railway  

2015-04-15 00:14:49|  分类: 二战专题-外语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Camps on the Death Railway

Death Railway Camps

MacPherson Naming Standards

Developed by Neil MacPherson of Australia

This naming convention, accepted by the Center For Research, Allied POWS Under The Japanese, sets out the known details of the camps on the Burma Thailand Railway and makes allowances for the spelling differentials. Neil and Rod Beattie have worked to make this as accurate as possible, (Rod Beattie has worked diligently on this project for years and was instrumental in developing the Death Railway Musuem in Thailand). For those who worked on the Burma end, the men used the distance from Base Thanbyuzayat as camp names. Example 35 Kilo Camp, MacPherson’s first camp in Thailand, the tendency was to use the name of the nearest village, so the list below gives both name (Tanyin) and kilo (35) camp designation.

Rod Beattie, Kanchanaburi resident, who has spent 10 years exploring and researching railway sites, and who has built a Railway Information Centre in Kanchanaburi kindly made available all his data for researching of this project.

 

Camps

Kilos

Kilos

Notes

Thanbyuzayat0415Base hospital camp.
Kandaw (4 Kilo)5410Green Force commenced work 1st October 1942, the first to start work on the Burma end
Wagale (8 Kilo)8406Dutch Force first occupied Wagale
Thetkaw (14 Kilo)14400Captain Claude Anderson (SMO) wrote a report to the SMO “A” Force Lt Col Hamilton from here 31st January 1943
Hlepauk (18 Kilo)18396Anderson Force 10th October 1942 to 1st January 1943. No 5 Group from 40 kilo on 26th January 1943 to March 1943.
Kunhnitkway (26 Kilo)26389Ramsay Force 20th December 1942 to the 18th March 1943
Rephaw (30 Kilo)30385After repeated bombings at Thanbyuzayat, 30 Kilo became Base Hospital for No 3 Group, subject to strafing raids
Tanyin (35 Kilo)35380Williams Force from Java (884 POWs) arrived October 1942. Joined by Anderson Force January 1943 to become No 1 Mobile Force
Betetaung (40 Kilo)40374Black Force ex Java including 184 Americans arrived October 1942
Anankwin (45 Kilo)45370No 1 Mobile Force moved here while laying the rails & sleepers before moving to the 60 kilo camp
Thanbaya50365F’ Force Hospital Camp. 1700 desperately sick were brought here from Thailand, of these 700 died in less than 6 months. Major Hunt a West Australian doctor worked tirelessly here with few drugs.
Khonkhan (55 Kilo)55360Base hospital under renowned Australian Surgeon, Colonel Coates, he performed countless leg amputations on ulcer patients.
Taungzun (60 Kilo)57358When No 1 Mobile Force arrived in May 1943 they had to bury dead Asians found in the huts, Cholera victims, this was the start of an cholera epidemic among POWs
Kami Mezali (65 Kilo)653503 Group head quarters
Mezali (70 Kilo)69346No 1 Mobile Force moved here from the 60 kilo in July 1943 previously occupied by Burmese it was in a filthy condition with deep mud every where, a total clean up was needed before it could be occupied.
Meiloe (75 Kilo)75340Black Green & Ramsay Forces arrived 18th March 1943
Apalaine (80 Kilo)80337No 5 Group late March 1943 No 1 Mobile Force arrived in August No 5 Group were still in occupartion, No 5 Base Hospital
Apalon (82 Kilo)83332Site of one of the seven steel railway bridges in Burma.
Lawa (85 Kilo)85330No 5 Group 15 March 1943
Tadein (90 Kilo)90325
Kyondaw (95 Kilo)95320Transit camp for ‘F’ Force sick moving to Thanbaya. Many died here.
98 Kilo Camp98317
Regue (100 Kilo)100315No 5 Group 29th May 1943
Aungganaung (105 Kilo)105310A work camp housed Black, Green & Ramsay Forces in April 1943, later used as a grouping camp before the POWs were evacuated to Tamarkan in Thailand
Paya Thanzu Taung (108 Kilo)108307This camp was situated just north of the three small pagodas which now mark the border between Thailand and Burma. No 1 Mobile Force occupied this camp 17/26 September 1943 having night marched from 95 Kilo Camp.
The Three Pagodas108.5306.5Site of an ancient battle between Thailand and Burma.
Changaraya112301F’ Force No 5 Camp for 700 British. The 214 men who died here are buried in a single mass grave in Kanchanaburi War Cemetery.
Kami Sonkurai115299F’ Force No 3 Camp, originally 400 Australians. A good camp that later suffered a lot of deaths after survivors from Changaraya moved in.
No 1 Mobile Force Camp116299Staging camp for Anderson and Williams combined Rail laying Force
Songkurai121294‘F’ Force No 2 Camp for 1,600 British. Site of the “Bridge of 600″ a death camp 600 died here and another 600 when evacuated to Thanbaya and Kanburi
122 Kilo Camp122293No 1 Mobile Force occupied this camp.
Shimo Songkurai127288F’ Force No 1 Camp of 1800 Australians. Major Bruce Hunt with his medical team worked miracles with little support from the Japanese.
Little Nikki131284No 1 Mobile Force’s most southern camp.
Tunnel Party Camp132283Set up in 1945 POWs constructed defence positions for Japanese.
Nikki Camp133282HQ camp for ‘F’ Force. Lt/Col Dillon Force C.O. About 1000 POWs including 400 Australians. Some Malay Volunteers worked in this area, they were mostly British civilian business men.
Nikki Bridge Buillding Camp134281Prisoners here built bridge over the Ranti River
Lower Nikki139276Original HQ camp for ‘F’ Force. The first  River
Thingomtha142273Pond’s Party built a large bridge here.
Upper Konkoita145270

Railway joined 17th October 1943

151.79262.87kms 
Konkoita152.13263H Force No 4 Camp of Australians.
Kurikonta157258H Force No 1 Camp
Kroeng Krai165250Six Australians were killed in a rock fall.
Swinton’s Camp166249
Dobb’s Camp169246
Johnson’s Camp171244
Tha Mayo Wood176239Indian workers occupied this camp during construction, later POWs worked on wood parties, fuel for the Engines
Tha Mayo178237
Nam Chon Yai186229
Tha Khanun North190225
Tha Khnnun Base192223
Tha Khanun (Australian)193222
Tha Khanun South197218Lt/Col Pond’s Australian group worked in this area
Bangan201214
Yongthi202213Small group of ‘D’ Force Australians and a small group of Dutch POWs.
Prang Kasi 211 kilo204211Dutch Camp
Prang Kasi207208East of Railway Station
Prang Kasi South208207British and Australian of ‘D’ Force in a riverside camp south of railway station.
Linson (3 Camps)212203Woodcutting camp set up here in December 1944.
Kui Mamg216199Upstream from Hot Springs
Hindat217198Close to railway station.
Hindat West218197River Camp 1 kilometre from station
Wang Hin223192
Kuishi225190Dutch prisoners worked in this area
Kui Yae229186Dutch prisoners worked in this area. 26 POW’s killed in Allied bombing raid 8 December 1944.
Lin Tin233182Dutch prisoners worked in this area
Kinsaiyok Main Camp244171Mixed nationalities. Site of shooting of British POW.
Kinsaiyok Jungle Camp 2247168Site of rock quarry for rail ballast
Kinsaiyok Jungle Camp 1254161The original grave cross of an Australian who died here was found in 2000.
Kinsaiyok Jungle Camp 3256159
Hintock Cement258157Barges bringing up barrel of cement unloaded here
Hintock River (2 Camps)260155
Hintock Road (3 Camps)261154Dunlop Force worked here on cuttings & Three Tier Bridge. ‘Weary’ Dunlop’s camp had showers built from bamboo. Large number of deaths here from cholera.
Malay Hamlet262153H’ Force camp of men to reinforce work on Hellfire Pass. 216 deaths in about 10 weeks.
Kannyu No 3263152POWs from this camp worked on the infamous Hellfire Pass
Upper Kannyu264151
Lower Kannyu (3 Camps)264151Dunlop Force initially constructed one of these camps.
Kannyu South265150
Tampi267148
Tampi South272143D Force Workers
Tonchan Spring275140
Tonchan Central276139
Tonchan South284131H Force commenced work here on arrival from Singapore in May 1943
Tarsao Hospital290125HQ and hospital camp for ‘D’ Force. Transit camp for workers marching north.
Wang Yai290125
Pukai296119
Wang Pho North299116
Wang Pho Central302113
Wang Pho South302113Camp on west of the river. Site of the still operating Wampo Viaduct where trains cross with tourists
Arrow Hill305110
Non Pradai313102
Tha Kilen31798
Ban Khao32788Dutch POW discovered neolithic artifacts here and post war returned to find a major neolithic site.
Wang Takhain33481
Wang Yen34075
Wang Lan34669
Chungkai35560A work camp then one of the main hospital camps for Thailand POWs, now the site of a War Cemetery.
Tha Makhan35956Commencing 26 October 1942 under Colonel Phillip Toosey British & Dutch POWs built two bridges a wooden one and a steel one across the River Kwai (Kwae Yai)
Kan’buri Base36253Headquarters of 9th Railway Regiment, in charge of the Thailand end of the construction. F & H Force Hospital camps.
No 2 Base Camp36451Aerodrome Camps No’s 1 & 2. Officers Camp 1944
Kan’buri Hospital36550Hospital Camp for F & H Forces.
Tha Muang37639Base camp for many railway workers at the end of construction. Dutch lived here until 1947.
Tha Rua38926Transit camp for prisoners from Singapore marching north.
Ban Pong4123First transit camp for prisoners from Singapore
Nong Pladuc4150Start of construction in June 1942 by British POWs from Singapore

Design by Roger Mansell, research by Neil MacPherson and Rod Beattie.

http://www.btrma.org.au/?page_id=155

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